Parasitic infections pose a serious threat to human health as they can cause a variety of diseases and related complications. Symptoms of parasitic infections can vary, including nonspecific manifestations, and sometimes infections are asymptomatic and detected by chance.

Symptoms of parasitic infections include:

  • Diarrhea lasting several days;
  • Dry cough;
  • Abdominal pain;
  • Muscle pain;
  • Blood in the stool;
  • Skin rash similar to allergic;
  • Seal under the skin;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Itching in the anus or genital area;
  • Flatulence;
  • Increased temperature;
  • Impaired vision, gait and coordination of movements.

To identify the presence of parasites, it is recommended to consult a doctor who will conduct a survey, examination and, if necessary, rule out other diseases with similar symptoms.

There is no universal test for all types of parasites at the same time, so diagnostic methods may include:

  • Examination of stool for eggs and parasites, especially in the presence of symptoms of diarrhea, cramps and flatulence;
  • Endoscopy or colonoscopy if stool examination does not give a clear result;
  • Serological blood test to look for antibodies or parasites;
  • Blood smear to detect parasites under a microscope;
  • X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, or CT scan to detect parasitic diseases affecting organs, such as blocked ducts in the liver or pancreas.

Prevention of parasites includes the following simple measures:

  1. Regular hand washing before eating, preparing food and after handling soil or using the toilet.
  2. Consume only bottled or boiled water in places where there is no sewage system or modern toilets.
  3. Avoiding swallowing water while swimming and carefully picking up dog feces while walking.
  4. Thoroughly wash fruits, vegetables and herbs with running water before eating them.
  5. Prohibiting children from playing in places where there are many dogs or cats.
  6. Avoid eating raw or undercooked pork, beef and fish.

If any of the described symptoms appear, it is recommended to consult your family doctor. He will conduct the necessary additional examinations or refer you to specialists for further consultation.